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Form 2290 Instructions

Every year, truckers and vehicle owners must pay a federal tax on their heavy highway vehicles. This tax is referred to as a heavy vehicle use tax, and it is administered by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). The tax must be paid by filing Form 2290 - the Heavy Vehicle Use Tax Return. If you are a trucker or vehicle owner who needs to file Form 2290, then here’s what you need to know

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Before You Begin

Before you start your 2290 filing, make sure you have all the necessary information. This includes:

  1. Your Employer Identification Number (EIN). You will also need the EINs of any business entities that own, lease, or register a heavy highway motor vehicle with a taxable gross weight of 55,000 pounds or more.
  2. The Vehicle Identification Numbers (VINs) for each vehicle that you need to file for.
  3. The total taxable gross weight of each vehicle.
  4. A valid U.S. postal address, street address, or foreign address.
  5. A valid email address and phone number.

Here is a tabular column that explains required information for Form 2290 e-filing :

Field Name Description Example
EIN Employer Identification Number, a unique number assigned to your business by the IRS 12-3456789
Business Name Name of the business entity filing Form 2290 123 Trucking LLC
Address Business mailing address 123 Your street St, your city, USA
Tax Year The tax period for which the form is being filed July 1, 2023 - June 30, 2024
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) Unique number assigned to each vehicle 1FTFW1ET1EKE12345
Gross Weight Total weight of the vehicle, including its load 80,000 lbs
Taxable Gross Weight Category Category based on the vehicle's gross weight, affects the tax amount Category V (75,000 lbs)
First Used Month The month the vehicle was first used in the tax period July
Suspended Vehicles Vehicles that are expected to be used 5,000 miles or less (7,500 for agricultural vehicles) Yes/No
Tax Amount The amount of tax due based on the vehicle's weight and first used month $500
Payment Method Method used to pay the tax (EFTPS, check, money order, debit/credit card) EFTPS
Signature Signature of the person authorized to sign the form Your Signature
Date Date the form is signed 06/01/2024
Contact Information Contact details of the person responsible for the filing yourname@yourcompany.com

Filing Form 2290

Once you have all the necessary information, you’re ready to begin filing your 2290 form. Here are the steps:

  1. Gather Your Materials: Gather the documents listed above and make sure you have them handy before beginning the filing process.
  2. Go to IRS E-File for Businesses: Visit www.irs.gov/Business-Taxes/e-File-Form-2290 and select “File Form 2290 Now” to get started.
  3. Create an IRS e-file Account: If this is your first time filing a form with the IRS, you will need to register for an e-file account by providing your contact information.
  4. Enter Your Vehicle Information: Enter the VINs and other information for each vehicle that you need to file for on the Form 2290 e-file screen.
  5. Complete Payment: Pay the amount due and select a payment method on the Form 2290 e-file screen.
  6. Submit Your Return: Once your payment has been processed, submit your return electronically by submitting your 2290 form through your e-file account or through an authorized partner like SimpleTruckTax.com.
  7. Print Your Stamped Schedule 1: Once your return has been accepted, print or save your Stamped Schedule 1 for your records and for proof of payment for registration purposes if needed.

That’s it! Following these instructions will help ensure that you file Form 2290 correctly and on time so that you can stay compliant with federal regulations and avoid paying any penalties or incurring any interest charges from the IRS.

Form 2290 Payment Options

Payment options available to pay for form 2290 online

Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS), Electronic Funds Withdrawal (EFW), Credit or Debit Card, Check or Money Order


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Pricing Chart :

Single Vehicle $7.95
Fleet of 2 $10
Fleet of 3 $15
Fleet of 4 $20
Fleet of 5 $25

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Who Must File Form 2290

Anyone registering heavy highway motor vehicle with a gross weight of 55,000 pounds or more. has to submit Form 2290. The following are the main groups of persons who must fill out this form:

  • Owners of Heavy Vehicles: Individuals, businesses or companies that possess and engage in vehicles transportation such as trucks, truck tractors, buses that have a taxable gross weight of 55,000 pounds or more.
  • Leased Vehicles: The leasing party of a heavy vehicle if the lessee is responsible for operating the vehicle and registering it with the department.
  • Logging Vehicles: Vehicle owners who exclusively transport harvested forest products with reduced tax rates applicable to them.
  • Agricultural Vehicles: These are agricultural vehicles used for farming purposes only subject to certain rules and mileage thresholds.
  • Government Entities: Even though government entities generally do not have to pay the tax, they still need to file Form 2290 in order to report their vehicles and provide evidence about their tax exemption.
  • Non-Profit Organizations: Some non-profit organizations may be exempted from 2290 filing requirements while others will pay taxes at lowered rates; however all those that operate heavy vehicles must complete forms denoting the same.
  • Owners of Suspended Vehicles: In case a vehicle is supposed to cover less than 5000 miles (or agriculture machine covering below 7500 miles) during the taxation year then its owner should fill up Form 2290 under which he can claim suspension from this tax payment.

Filling out Form 2290 is essential for individuals’ adherence with national tax regulations as well as enabling them enroll their vehicles at various state vehicle administrations.


Amending Form 2290 requires you to log in to your IRS account online and click on ‘Amend Form 2290’. A wizard will be launched that will walk you through the process of making the necessary changes. Ensure that you complete all applicable fields otherwise if any required information is left blank, the IRS will reject your amendment. Once all the changes have been made, submit the amended form and then follow up with the IRS to confirm if your amendment has been accepted. You can check our How to Correctly File Form 2290 Amendments page.


Form 2290 exemptions apply to some circumstances where vehicles are not subjected to HVUT. Some common exemptions for Form 2290 include the following:

  • Agricultural Vehicles: If such vehicles do not run on public highways for more than 7,500 miles during the tax period then they are exempt.
  • Logging Vehicles: Logging vehicles used exclusively in logging operations can qualify for a reduced tax rate.
  • Low Mileage Vehicles: The HVUT does not apply to those motor vehicles that travel less than five thousand (7,500 miles in case of agricultural vehicles) within a given year.
  • Federal Government Vehicles
  • State or Local Government Vehicles
  • Indian Tribal Government Vehicles
  • American Red Cross Vehicles
  • Mass Transportation Authority Vehicles
  • Qualified Blood Collector Vehicles


Pre-filing for Form 2290 HVUT (Heavy Vehicle Use Tax) is an opportunity to file your taxes prior the designated filing season. Pre-filing is usually permitted by the IRS to ensure that taxpayers can have a good start ahead in their filling process, and avoid last-minute rush.

Pre-filing Timing for Form 2290 HVUT

  • Period of pre-filing: Generally, pre-filing begins in June 1st through June 30th.
  • Official Filling Season: The official filing season starts on July 1st and ends on August 31st. This is when the IRS commences processing returns for the new tax period from July 1st to June 30th of next year.

It might be too late once the IRS begins accepting returns for the new tax year; hence you should consider pre-filling your Form 2290 so that it can be processed in time.

E-filing or Paper Filing

Filing Form 2290 through an e-file method is much better compared to manual filing. This is because e-filing offers quicker processing times while giving immediate confirmation as well as reducing errors in the submission process. Moreover, online submissions can be done at any time and they are secure. In contrast, paper filing may take long due to errors common and does not have the kind of feedback that e-filing offers; hence most truck owners prefer e-filing.

Form 2290 Instructions - Blog Updates